The Millennium Native Forest Reserve - Masterton
Conceived 1994 - Opened to the Public 12 April 2008
***** Native Wildlife *****
The reserve is well populated with wild life. Much of it is native to New Zealand but we have no way of preventing introduced species entering and breeding within the Reserve.
Below is a list of the wild life that have been observed.
Click on the "Common Name" highlighted in red to see the illustration.
Endemic — found only in New Zealand.
Native — birds that are naturally found in the country or are self-introduced.
Introduced — brought here by humans.
Illustrations from New Zealand Birds and Manaaki Whenua - Landcare Research
|Australasian Harrier||Kahu||Native to New Zealand.|
|Pukeko||Pukeko||Also known as the Swamphen. Native to NZ.|
|New Zealand Pigeon||Kereru||Endemic to New Zealand. Most fruits swallowed whole and seeds voided undamaged. Many NZ
trees rely almost entirely on the kereru for distribution of their seeds.
|Rock Pigeon||.||Introduced by early settlers.|
|Shining Cuckoo||Pipwharauroa||A migrant bird that winters in the Bismarck Achipelago and Solomon Islands. Returns to New Zealand in September.|
|House Sparrow||Tiu||Introduced to New Zealand in 1867 to control insect pests.|
|Hedge Sparrow||.||Introduced to New Zealand 1867.|
|Blackbird||Manu Pango||Introduced to Australia and New Zealand in the 1860s.|
|Song Thrush||Tiutiu||Introduced to New Zealand in the 1860s.|
|Grey Warbler||Riroriro||Endemic to New Zealand. According to Maori folklore its song is a sign of spring.|
|Fantail||Piwakawaka||Native to New Zealand but common right across Australasia.|
|Tomtit||Miromiro||Endemic to New Zealand.|
|Silvereye||Tauhou||Self introduced to New Zealand in the 1850s. Found throughout Australasia.|
|Bellbird||Korimako||Endemic to New Zealand. Only found in New Zealand. Honey eater.|
|Tui||Tui||Endemic to New Zealand. Only found in New Zealand. Honey eater. Also known as the parson bird.|
|Goldfinch||.||Introduced to New Zealand in the 1870s.|
|Greenfinch||.||Brought to New Zealand by early settlers in the 1860s.|
|Chaffinch||Pahirini||Introduced to New Zealand in the 1860s.|
|Starling||Taringi||Introduced to New Zealand in the 1860s.|
|Australian Magpie||Makipai||Introduced from Australia in 1850 - 1880.|
|Yellowhammer||.||Introduced to New Zealand in 1862. Became a pest and a bounty was placed on its eggs.|
|Kingfisher||Kotare||Native to New Zealand, Australia, Polynesia, Melanesia and Indonesia|
|Mute swan||Largest waterbird in New Zealand introduced from Britain in the 1860s.|
|Swallow||Warou||Also known as the Welcome swallow. An Australian bird that colonised New Zealand in the 1950s.|
|Plover||Also known as the spur-winged plover or masked lapwing. First recorded in Invergargill in 1932
it has now spread to all of New Zealand and is so abundant that there is now talk of culling them.
|Skylark||Hioi / Ahioi||Introduced to New Zealand from Britain in the 1860s|
|New Zealand Scaup||Papango||Endemic to New Zealand. Also known as the widgeon or black teal.|
|Canada Goose||Introduced to New Zealand from the United States as a gift from US President Theodore Roosevelt
|Whitehead||Popokatea||Endemic to New Zealand. Entirely confined to the North Island. The whitehead's nest is a fovourite
place for the Longtailed cuckoo to lay its eggs.
|Brushtailed Possum||Paihau/Pohima||Introduced in 1858 to establish a fur industry. The brushtail possum has become even more numerous in
New Zealand than in its native Australia.
|Rabbit||Rapeti||First released in New Zealand in 1777 as a source of fur and meat.|
|Norway Rat||Pouhawaiki||Arrived with the early explorers and settlers.|
|Stoat||Toata||Introduced in the 1870s to control rabbits and were protected until 1936.|
|Monarch Butterfly||Kahuku||Self-introduced to New Zealand. First seen in New Zealand in 1840. Adults are nectar feeders.
Caterpillars eat only the leaves of the milkweed group especially swan plants.
|Cabbage white butterfly||Pepe ma||Introduced to New Zealand probably on container ships. First seen in Napier in 1930.|
|Bumblebee||Pi Rorohu||Introduced near Christchurch in 1885 to improve pollination of clover. Now common throughout
|Honey Bee||Pi honi||Introduced to New Zealand around 1839 when hives from England were landed at Hockianga.
They are now abundant throughout New Zealand.
|Native Bees||Ngaro Huruhuru||New Zealand has no native bumblebees or honey bees. There are 40 species of native bee.
There are no queens or worker bees, just male and female. They carry the pollen internally,
not in sacks on the hind legs.
|Ground Beetles||Kurikuri||Native, introduced and endemic to New Zealand. 26,000 species world wide including several
hundred species in New Zealand.
|Damselflies||Kihitara||There are six species which are endemic to New Zealand.|
|Dragonflies||Kapkapowai||Native to New Zealand but unlike the rest of the world where the nymphs live mainly underwater,
they have adapted to bogs, live in burrows and hunt ground-dwelling animals such as beetles,
spiders and cockroaches at night.
|Stick Insects||Whe Kakariki||Native and endemic to New Zealand. Female lays up to 1000 eggs per season which may
remain dormant for years before hatching.
|Cicarda||Kihikihi||Endemic to New Zealand. The furher north you travel the louder they become.|
|Ladybirds||Mumutawa||Native, introduced and endemic to New Zealand. Mostly red with black spots. There is one which is
common to New Zealand that is black with yellow spots.
|Huhu Beetle||Huhu (larva)||Largest of New Zealand's endemic beetles. Their larvae are a traditional Maori delicacy,
lightly fried in oil with a sprinkling of salt.
|Southern Bell Frog||Poraka.||
Native to Australia and introduced to New Zealand in 1867.
|Long-finned Eel||Kaiwharuwharu||Females can grow up to 2m and weigh nearly 20kg. They spawn in the Tonga region and the
young drift back to New Zealand on the ocean currents.
|Brown Mudfish||Hauhau||Endemic to New Zealand and mainly found in southern North Island and the West Coast of the South Island . In summer when many ponds dry up they bury themselves in the mud and hibernate until the autumn.|
|Backswimmers||Hoe Tuara||Endemic to New Zealand. They swim upside down, usually near the surface.|
|Water Boatmen||Hoehoe Tuara||Endemic to New Zealand. Prefer clear quiet waters such as ponds. Less easily seen as they
feed on or near the bottom.
The above information was mainly found in the "Collins Field Guide to New Zealand Wildlife" by Terence Lindsey and Rod Morris.
Published by Harper Collins Publishers (New Zealand) Ltd., PO Box 1, Auckland, New Zealand.
An excellent reference book for all interested in New Zealand Wildlife.